KOKAN

Konkan Location

ABOUT KOKAN

The Kokan is a coastal strip of land bounded by Sahyadri hills on the east and Arabian Sea on the west occupies the entire west coast of Maharashtra. It is to the heart of this serene landscape. Kokan is well known for its greenery, coconut trees, cashew, mango, jackfruit, beautiful virgin beaches, waterfalls, mountains and lush green valleys. It is also famous for its fascinating beaches, temples, creeks, sea forts, hot water springs, etc. Few of the chief festivals celebrated in the Kokan are Ganesh Chaturthi, Diwali, Dassera, Gudhi Padwa, Narali poornima, Nag Panchami, Makar Sankranti and Holi. Konkan Division, rich in verdant natural beauty, is endowed with a coastline of 720 km.

Kokan region boosts of several places of geographical,cultural and architectural interest. Kokan is rich with several beaches. The coastline is dotted with palm groves, mango trees planted in the agricultural fields, temples, creeks, sea forts, harbors, hot water springs, caves and the tiled homes. The ancient land has produced galaxy of veterans from different walks of life. Exciting Konkan Railway route is an engineering marvel.

  • District :Thane, Raigad, Ratnagiri, Sindhudurg.
  • Languages/Dialects : Marathi, Hindi, English, Konkani (Daldi), Malvani.
  • Folk-Arts : Koli dance, Govinda, Adivasi dance, Bhajan, Keertan, Bharud Jakdi, Naman,Dashaavtar, Chitrakathi, Pangul, Gaja (Dhangiri dance).
  • Main Crops : Rice, nagli, mango, cashew, coconut, jackfruit, beetle-nut, spices.

People and Culture

Residents of Konkan and their descendants are called Konkanis. The Kokani People are a hearty, friendly and festive people by nature. Their love for celebration is deeply rooted in their culture and it finds its expression through the various festivals celebrated throughout the year.


Languages

Marathi and Kokani are main languages spoken here besides Hindi, Urdu and English. Even though Konkani is widely spoken, each region has a different dialect, pronunciation style, vocabulary, tone and sometimes, significant differences in grammar.


Konkani Cusine and Recipes


Konkan being a coastal area, it has its own distinct way of cooking food. The Konkani cuisine uses Coconut liberally in various forms such as grated, dry grated, fried, coconut paste and coconut milk.A lot of Masalas are used which have dry Red Chilies and other spices like coriander seeds, Peppercorns, Cumin, Cardamom, Ginger, Garlic … etc. Some dishes also use Kokum, dried Kokam (Amsul), Tamarind, and Raw Mango (Kairi). Fish dishes mainly dominate the Konkani cuisine.



Natural Vegetation

Because Kokan region receives heavy rainfall, natural vegetation is abundant and full of various useful trees and medicinal plants. Kokan is well known for its natural beauty and that's the reason the region is referred as naturally gifted. Konkan's greenery, coconut trees, beautiful virgin beaches, waterfalls, mountains and lush green valleys will definitely provide a rich and pleasant experience for the traveler.

Agricultural

The warm and humid climatic conditions are quite favorable for Horticulture, e.g. Mangoes, Kokam, Cashew Nuts, Coconuts, Strawberry … etc. Some of the crops here are conventionally grown in Kokan region. Cereals like Rice, Jowar, Maize, Ragi, Kodra , Vari … etc; Pulses like Gram, Mung, Tur, Udid, Kulthi, Wal, Chawali … etc; Condiments and Spices Betel Nuts ,Coriander, Chilies, … etc

Beaches

There are a lot of beautiful beaches along the entire Konkan coast with a serene character. Beaches like Ganpatipule, Guhagar, Velneshwar, Hedvi, Bhatye, Malvan, Tarkarli, Alibag, Mandava, Kihim, Harne-Murud, Karde, Ladghar, Diveagar, AreVare, Bhogave, Nivati, Kunkeshwar, Harihareshwar, Vayangani……



Kokan Railway

About ten years ago (around early 90s), this region opened up with the advent of the 'Konkan railway' - the rail route that connects Mumbai (Bombay) with the entire western coast of India. 'Konkan railway' in itself is an unparalleled achievment of engineering excellence for India involving construction of several bridges and tunnels through its entire run across the state. Currently on Kokan railway track, the rail route also connects to Pune via Panvel and project is also proposed to connect Kokan to Kolhapur via Chiplun.



National Highway 17

In India that runs roughly north-south along the western coast of India, parallel to Western Ghats. It connects Mumbai to Kochi, passing through the states of Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, and Kerala. NH 17 is also known as Mumbai-Goa Highway in Maharashtra. It is the 7th longest highway in India with 1,296 km.


It starts at Panvel, at junction of NH 4, and ends at Edappally, at junction of NH 47 near Kochi. The National Highway 17 connects following cities and towns of different states as follows Panvel, Mahad, Khed, Chiplun, Hatkhamba (Ratnagiri), Rajapur, Panaji, Margao, Karwar, Kumta, Honnavar, Bhatkal, Udupi, Surathkal, Mangalore, Kasaragod, Kannur, Thalassery, Vadakara, Kozhikkode, Ponnani, Kodungallur, North Paravur and Kochi.


The National Highway (NH) 17 passes through hills, forests, rivers, rivulets, and streams, generally flowing westwards towards Arabian sea. Most of region has typical scene like coconut trees dotted all along with paddy fields and areca nut gardens.

Beaches

There are a lot of beautiful beaches along the entire Konkan coast with a serene character. Beaches like Ganpatipule, Guhagar, Velneshwar, Hedvi, Bhatye, Malvan, Tarkarli, Alibag, Mandava, Kihim, Harne-Murud, Karde, Ladghar, Diveagar, AreVare, Bhogave, Nivati, Kunkeshwar, Harihareshwar, Vayangani……